The Oldest Black Hole Ever Discovered Is Defying All Our Expectations

Astronomers Find the Earliest Supermassive Black Hole Ever Discovered

A huge black hole has just been discovered that is about 13 billion light-years old - nearly as old as the universe itself.

Banados made the discovery while looking for quasars in various maps of the early universe, and then making observations with a telescope instrument in Chile known as the Folded-port InfraRed Echellette, or FIRE. This mass black hole could not be achieved in such a short period of time. Astronomers have found a quasar - an active supermassive black hole - that is so distant, and thus so far back in time, that it challenges their models of how these gargantuan objects form.

Geballe said the research team led by Eduardo Banados, an astronomer at the Carnegie Institution for Science, initially tried to measure the black hole's mass with a telescope in Arizona, but atmospheric conditions proved too hard. That light has taken about 13 billion years to reach us - a span of time that is almost equal to the age of the universe.

Quasars could be detected from the farthest corners of the world as they are the most distant objects known.

"This adds to our understanding of our universe at large because we've identified that moment of time when the universe is in the middle of this very rapid transition from neutral to ionized", Simcoe says.

These massive black holes with masses larger than of the Sun are thought to lurk in most galaxies. Quasars consist of a supermassive black hole and the swirling bits of matter it absorbs.

Ravens' Jimmy Smith Financially Wise To Drop Suspension Appeal After Achilles Tear
Smith started the Ravens' first 12 games this season and was tied for second on the team with three interceptions. The Ravens (7-5) are now chasing the Pittsburgh Steelers (9-2) in the AFC North.

Even earlier in the early universe, before any stars or black holes existed, the chaotic scramble of naked protons and electrons came together to make hydrogen atoms. "But it's pretty hard to get that kind of a mass that early in the universe".

"This object provides us with a measurement of the time at which the universe first became illuminated with starlight", said another of the researchers, physics professor Robert Simcoe of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research.

"This is a very exciting discovery", he said. The stars and interstellar dust are dominated by carbon, but heavier materials like magnesium, silicon, and nitrogen are also seen accreting into the black hole at the center.

"The universe was just not old enough to make a black hole that big". Immediately following the Big Bang, the universe resembled a cosmic soup of hot, extremely energetic particles. After gravity condensed matter, the first stars and galaxies were formed.

Astronomers have at least two gnawing questions about the first billion years of the universe, an era steeped in literal fog and figurative mystery.

The newly-discovered black hole is part of a quasar, meaning it sits at the center of a cloud of gas that it's slowly swallowing. They extrapolated from that to estimate that the universe as a whole was likely about half neutral and half ionized at the time they observed the quasar.

Related News:

  • IPL: CSK, RR allowed to retain players

    IPL: CSK, RR allowed to retain players

    The decision was taken during the IPL Governing Council's meeting with the Committee of Administrators (CoA) here. If there is no retention before the player auction then franchises can choose three players through RTM.
    Bryan Singer Fired From Queen Biopic Amid Reports of Erratic Behavior

    Bryan Singer Fired From Queen Biopic Amid Reports of Erratic Behavior

    The film's cinematographer, Thomas Newton Sigel , stepped in as a substitute director during several of Singer's absences. One source told THR that Singer claims to be suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, due to on-set tensions.
    Jimbo Fisher could be introduced as Texas A&M coach Monday

    Jimbo Fisher could be introduced as Texas A&M coach Monday

    According to Texas A&M chancellor John Sharp, yes, there are regrets, but not for the reasons one would think. Getting to know more about Fisher in the coming weeks will be crucial if the Aggies want to stay in this one.
  • Mourinho Confirms Duo Will Start But Two Other Key Men Ruled Out

    Mourinho Confirms Duo Will Start But Two Other Key Men Ruled Out

    When the hard work starts and fatigue comes, for that period of time he can not play for these days. Because he plays tomorrow and my goalkeeper is always the best goalkeeper in the world.
    #MeToo Movement In Running For Time's Person Of The Year

    #MeToo Movement In Running For Time's Person Of The Year

    Past winners include 13 different USA presidents, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, Adolf Hitler, The Computer and Mahatma Gandhi. The box-office smash " Wonder Woman " was hailed as a meaningful step forward for the representation of women in media.
    Tiger Woods struggles as bogeys slow his comeback

    Tiger Woods struggles as bogeys slow his comeback

    He and his team will now sit down to determine how best to build his 2018 schedule for major championships. I hit some really good shots out there. "When I was struggling with my back, the world seemed very small".
  • Honor V10: 6 top features of Huawei's OnePlus 5T rival

    Honor V10: 6 top features of Huawei's OnePlus 5T rival

    The new flagship is just as capable as the Huawei Mate 10 but for less money, and it's the most ambitious Honor smartphone so far. The phone also managed to maintain its composure with casual gaming, although we will reserve our verdict for the final review.
    Quake  detected near North Korea nuclear site

    Quake detected near North Korea nuclear site

    North Korea tested a new ICBM, which Pyongyang claims is capable of reaching any target in the continental United States. North Korea's Hwasong intercontinental ballistic missile is lauched at an undisclosed location.
    Patriots win eighth straight with 23-3 victory over Bills

    Patriots win eighth straight with 23-3 victory over Bills

    The Bills managed four first downs and 102 yards of offence over their next six possessions before Taylor left the game. The former Buffalo Bills back will not get a chance to take it to his former team on Sunday.
  • A Texas Lawmaker Introduced Articles Of Impeachment Against Trump

    A Texas Lawmaker Introduced Articles Of Impeachment Against Trump

    Republicans control the House by a comfortable margin, while even many Democrats are lukewarm or cold to the idea of impeachment. The White House dismissed the effort, telling Politico that Green and the others who voted with him are "extremists".
    Facebook Messenger is down: Here's how 'Facebook refugees' reacted on Twitter

    Facebook Messenger is down: Here's how 'Facebook refugees' reacted on Twitter

    Fortunately, family members and relatives do not need to download the same Messenger Kids app in order to chat with the toddlers. But she said that while Facebook made the app "with the best of intentions", it's not yet known how people will actually use it.
    Net Neutrality vote must wait until conclusion of comment investigation, Schneiderman says

    Net Neutrality vote must wait until conclusion of comment investigation, Schneiderman says

    The problem? In most parts of the United States, the amount of ISPs available are pitiful, and for many, there is only one option. The FCC did not immediately reply when asked why it chose to cooperate with the investigation or whether it would delay the vote.


Most liked

Slain ex-Yemeni President Saleh buried without solemnities
On Wednesday, the Saudi coalition stepped up airstrikes against Houthi positions as the rebels tightened their control on Sanaa . Saleh's forces were key to helping the Houthis overrun Sanaa in 2014, and then much of the north and center of the country.

Austria becomes latest European country to legalise same-sex marriage
The country's courts have now ruled that definition cannot remain and have ordered that marriage be made available to all couples.

Amazon offers prime membership service for free global shipping and video streaming
Amazon Prime International's vice-president Jamil Ghani said more benefits will be added over time for Prime membership here. Benefits offered include rebates and discounts for online supermarket RedMart, Netflix and Uber.

Venezuelan President Announces 'Petro', Plans To Uplift Country's Economy
President Donald Trump declared Maduro's government a dictatorship when he announced financial sanctions against it in August. The government's poor policies forced millions of Venezuelans to struggle for survival, as three meals a day aren't a given.

Willie Taggart slated as FSU's new head coach
Taggart will be tasked with restoring a Florida State program that has failed to live up to expectations the last two seasons. OR head football coach Willie Taggart is leaving the Ducks program to become the next head coach at Florida State University.

Ex-Yemen President Saleh killed in Houthi attack
This week's fighting reportedly left aid workers trapped inside a building and unable to administer support to civilians. Ali Abdullah Saleh was sworn in as Yemen's President in 1990 following the merger of North and South Yemen.

Governor Cooper Proclaims Computer Science Education Week
It's also worldwide science education week and people of all ages are being encouraged to take part in an hour of code. Computer science drives innovation through the U.S. economy, but it remains marginalized throughout K-12 education.

How the Russian doping scandal has unfolded
Grigory Rodchenkov , who risked so much to tell this story, and support all those who are willing to speak truth to power. The IOC will invite individual athletes from the country to compete as neutrals at Pyeongchang Games.

Apple Pay Cash Debuts In Challenge to Venmo
Because of the rush, however, it also rolled out a feature that was practically useless at that time: Apple Pay Cash . Apparently, Apple issued an advisory asking users to switch back the date to December 1 as a temporary solution.

First look at Starbucks' Reserve Roastery in Shanghai
Princi is the exclusive food offering in all Starbucks Roastery locations, including Seattle, Shanghai and upcoming locations. The company announced plans in July to buy out its partners in its Each China joint venture, for US$1.3 billion.

LaVar Ball pulls son LiAngelo Ball out of UCLA
The Big Baller G3 will hit shelves soon, with a retail value of $500. "I ain't got no fallback plan". Ball also insists that eventually, LiAngelo and LaMelo will both join Lonzo on the Lakers.

LeT's divisional commander, aide killed in Qazigund gunfight
However, security forces used force to disperse the demonstrators who were pelting stones and attempting to enter the area. The militants fired at the patrol team in Qazigund area which has been cordoned off for searches, the officer said.

North Korea seeks USA recognition as nuclear weapons state
China shut down all joint ventures and firms operated by North Korean entities or individuals in September. Germany was also demanding North Korea reduce its diplomatic presence in Germany.

Voyager 1's Thrusters Fired After Decades Spent Dormant
When there is no longer enough power to operate the heaters, the team will switch back to the attitude control thrusters. Because of the success in the attempt to test Voyager 1's TCM thrusters , NASA plans to test the ones on Voyager 2.

Chiefs' Kelce with two quick, huge touchdowns
Lee's play had been significantly better as of late, but this is definitely a step in the wrong direction for the second-year pro. Meanwhile, New York kept its faint playoff hopes alive by snapping a two-game skid and holding on to a fourth-quarter lead.